
The Structure of Matter: The Basic Particle Model A fundamental particle model explains Newton physics,
Summary A particle model, which is assumed to be applicable for elementary particles, i.e. for  leptons explains  in additon to classical mechanics  phenomena which are normally attributed to relativity (SR and GR) and to quantum mechanics. The model is called the "Basic Particle Model". The following physical phenomena are consequences of this particle model  Inertial mass (Note: This site is also available as a pdf file.) 1 Introduction According to the Basic Particle Model, every elementary particle is built by 2 massless constituents that orbit each other with the speed of light c. The frequency of the circulation is the de Broglie frequency (Figure 1.1). 




2 History of the Basic Particle Model The Basic
Particle Model can be linked to the work of de Broglie, Dirac, and
Schrödinger in the 1920s. 

(2.1) 

where h is the Planck constant [1]. 2nd Paul Dirac has developed the relativistic wave function of the Electron, which was analysed by Schrödinger. 3rd Erwin Schrödinger. He found that, as a consequence of the Dirac function, the inside of the electron is constantly moving at the speed of light c. These assumptions caused some physical problems:
These conflicts have not be resolved during the last 100 years, but they have been attributed to quantum mechanics, which, however, cannot be understood by imagination. This viewpoint has been accepted by most members of the physical community. However, contrary to this point of view, matter can in fact be understood with imagination if one makes a few assumptions that are very natural:
These assumptions solve the problems mentioned above:
On the other hand, there are no conflicts with the current experimental situation in physics:
The structure of an elementary particle described above is assumed to be valid for every lepton and every quark. It is called the "Basic Particle Model". 

3 Consequences of the Basic Particle Model The Basic Particle Model is a powerful model which is capable of explaining many physical phenomena. These phenomena are listed in the summary above. (These phenomena are normally explained by different assumptions of "physical principles" and other assumed fundamental laws, which normally have no further explanation and which sometimes even conflict with each other.) 3.1 Consequences with Respect to Relativity For the case of special relativity the phenomenon of dilation is a consequence of the model. Details are in the given links about special RELATIVITY in general and about TIME DILATION. 3.2 Consequences with Respect to Inertial Mass The inertial mass of an elementary particle and the masssize relation are a consequence of the model. From this application of the model there also follows the relativistic increase of mass in motion and the massenergy equivalence. In addition, Newton's law of motion is a consequence of the particle structure assumed in this model and, as a further consequence of Newton's law, the law of conservation of energy. This is explained in the context of INERTIAL MASS. 3.3 Consequences with Respect to Gravity Following an idea of Roman Sexl, General Relativity can be explained using the refraction of lightlike particles at a gravitational potential. This concept combined with the basic particle model is able to explain GRAVITY and the other phenomena related to General Relativity. 3.4 Consequences with Respect to Particle Properties Particle properties, which in physical common sense can only be described by quantum mechanics, can be classically derived from the basic particle model. This is explained using the ELECTRON as an example, but can be applied to all elementary particles. This includes the constancy of the spin, the magnetic moment and also the mass dependence of the gyromagnetic relation. 3.5 ParticleWave Duality The
particlewave duality, which has been the mainstay of quantum mechanics
(within the so called 'Copenhagen interpretation') can be classically understood
according to Louis de Broglie, in terms of the basic particle
model. This is explained (qualitatively in this case) in the context of
SPECIAL RELATIVITY
(last section). 4 References


NOTE: The
concept of the "Basic Particle Model" of matter was first presented
at the Spring Conference of the German Physical Society (Deutsche
Physikalische Gesellschaft) on 24 March 2000 in Dresden 20240624 
